It is preferable not to hold the two candles together. [Many Poskim listed in Sdei Chemed ibid and so he rules; Chida in Birkeiy Yosef 491/1; Machazik Bracha 491/1; Chesed Leavraham 491/2; Ben Ish Chaiy Vayeitzei 23], [12] However, past sunset, he is to no longer say Havdalah as it is now a question whether or not the next day has begun, and many Poskim hold that Havdalah on Motzei Yom Tov may not be made up even the next day. Sh"t Tzitz Eliezer 12:37 writes that saying "Have a good week" does not fulfill the mitzvah of Havdalah. Havdalah marks the space in time when Shabbat is over, which might sound sad at first. And many key services, such as candlelighting, Kiddush, the Shabbos meals and Havdalah, are prefaced by a synopsis of pertinent laws and customs. 298:3, Zohar 2:208b:2, Shaarim Metzuyanim Behalachah 96:6, Az Nidberu 8:2, Rivevot Ephraim 3:599. see also Mishpitei Uziel OC 1:9, Shaarim Metzuyanim Behalachah 96:6. As a bonus, the Yom Tov section serves as an all-in-one Hebrew/English machzor for the festivals of Pesach, Shavuos and Sukkos. However, when Motzei Yom Tov falls on Friday night it is not recited. When YomTov begins on Saturday night (motzei shabbat) the havdalla for shabbat is included in the Yom Tov kiddush -check your mahzor or siddur. One who did not say Havdalah on Motzei Yom Tov is to say Havdalah the next day, ____________________________________________________________, Admur in 491/1 adds the words “There is no extra soul given at all, The Chassidishe Parsha Torah Or-Likkutei Torah, Accidentally said Morid Hageshem or Visein Tal Umatar Livracha after the first day of Pesach, Preparing on the 1st day of Yom Tov on behalf of the 2nd day of Yom Tov or Shabbos, From the Rav’s Desk: 1) Starting Chazaras Hashatz if 10th man is up to Shemoneh Esrei; 2) Whey Powder OUD, The greatness and severity of the Mitzvah of Tefillin, From the Rav’s Desk: 1) Lost Minyan during Keria; 2) Pouring a second serving from hot water urn on Shabbos. However, Tzaruch Iyun from Admur which states “on Yom Tov there is no extra soul at all”. In the dim twilight, the people in the circle (often joining hands) sing “Shavua Tov” (a good week), which is sung in Hebrew and English. Havdalah means “separation”—between light and dark, between the holy and the mundane.. Havdalah is a multi-sensory experience. For the full Ashkenazic text see. More sources can be found in Yabia Omer OC 3:19 for this approach. [13] If one did not say Havdalah the next day [prior to sunset] then he may no longer say Havdalah[14], and may thus continue eating and drinking as usual. You shall draw water in joy from the waters of deliveran ce. 11 Standing or Sitting for Havdalah This page was last edited on 12 November 2020, at 01:43. If one is has an extreme need such as a need to travel to the end of the. 2. Hence, Veatah Chonantanu is omitted in Shemoneh Esrei of Friday night, and one does not say Yaknahaz by Kiddush. Dismiss, Miscellaneous articles in Choshen Mishpat. As the Shabbat Queen departs and darkness descends, the Havdalah ceremony fills us with hope and courage. This was based on an explicit directive of the Rebbe Rayatz that one is not to say it and that so was the custom of the Rebbe Rashab and the Rebbe Maharash, although there were some years in which they said it. The Ashkenaz minhag is to make Boreh Minei Besamim (בורא מיני בשמים) which is the general Bracha for nice smells at Havdalah no matter what’s being used for besamim. Other Poskim: Some Poskim rule one may not say Havdalah even the next day, as Safek Brachos Lehakel. [4], Nussach:[5] The Nussach of Havdalah on Motzei Yom Tov that falls on a weekday also contains the words “Bein Yom Hashevi’i Lesheishes Yimei Hamaaseh”[6], even though it is now in middle of the week [and it thus seems irrelevant to mention this statement]. The Havdalah blessing text is composed of, in sequential order, an introductory blessing, a blessing over wine, a blessing over spices, a blessing on the candle, and a blessing on separation. 6.1 If there is no wine or grape juice; 7 Besamim; 8 Fire; 9 Saying Havdalah Early; 10 Until When Can One Say Havdalah? iv. Thus, after sunset one is to be stringent. The Aruch HaShulchan 296:8 adds 4 more pesukim after the ones in Yishaya from Tehillim 3:9, 46:8, 84:13, and 20:10. The order of elements when havdala is combined with kiddush (e.g., on a Saturday night that is Yom Tov) is known by the acrostic Yaknhaz. One may not eat until one made Havdalah over a cup of wine. Shabbat and Yom Tov share the same text of havdalah (the main bracha), both in davening and with wine. The opinion of the Geonim is that whoever recites. If motzei shabbat is yom tov, one may use the Yom Tov candles for havdalah. Others[16] rule it is to be omitted. Even though Rav Ovadia in Yabia Omer 6:48:13 was concerned about Safek Brachot and wrote that one couldn't say it after Sunday in Yabia Omer 7:47 he retracted and followed Shulchan Aruch since the machloket is about the Mitzvah and not the bracha. Holiness from the everyday, Light from dark, Israel from the nations, The seventh day from the six workdays. [10] For list of opinions on this question see Sdei Chemed Asifas Dinim Mareches Heim 15; Kaf Hachaim 299/24. Doing work before Havdalah in Prayer: Shabbat 150b 34) in the name of Rav Moshe permits putting them together. On Motzei Yom Tov, whether it is Motzei Yom Tov to a weekday or Motzei Yom Tov to Chol Hamoed, one is required to recite Havdalah over a cup of wine just like on Motzei Shabbos. If someone doesn't have fragrant spices for besamim one doesn't have to go out of his way to get them and can recite havdalah without them. It’s short, it has cool props, and it has wine. Baruch atah Adonai, hamavdil bein kodesh l’chol. Havdalah (Hebrew: הַבְדָּלָה ‎, "separation") is a Jewish religious ceremony that marks the symbolic end of Shabbat and ushers in the new week. Praise to You, Adonai our God, Sovereign of all: who distinguishes between the holy and ordinary, between light and dark, [between Israel and the nations,] between the seventh day and the six days of work. The minhag is to look at one's fingernails during the havdalah in order to indicate that one is getting benefit from the candle to see the difference between one's nails and flesh. The Remah quotes the Rashba discussing the above posuk. May one who did not say Havdalah on Motzei Yom Tov say it the next day?[10]. Havdalah (הַבְדָּלָה) [HA-V-DAH-LAH] (NOUN): Havdalah is a ceremony that marks the end of Shabbat (weekly), or a Yom Tov (holiday). However, on Yom Tov, fire was not prohibited from being used for a need on the Holiday. However, on Yom Tov, there is no extra soul given at all. Shabbat ends on Saturday night after the appearance of three stars in the sky. However, Tosafos [Beitza 33b] rules that Gehenom is subdued on Yom Tov and hence the reason for the omission of Besamim is because there is no extra soul. The reason is that on yom tov holding two candles together is likely going to come to an issue of extinguishing one of the candles more quickly. The ritual involves lighting a special havdalah candle with several wicks, blessing a cup of wine (does not have to be wine) and smelling sweet spices. if someone is not sure whether or not he will have wine available for Havdalah, he should listen to the cantor recite Havdalah in the synagogue, but he should stipulate in his mind that he wishes to fulfill his obligation only if he has no wine at home, but that if he does find wine at home he does not wish to fulfill his obligation in the synagogue. Therefore, some turn off the electric lights when making Havdalah, but others hold that the strict halacha doesn't require turning off the lights. Is Vayiten Lecha recited on Motzei Yom Tov? Even if they are touching it is permitted to detach them. 299:6. Sh"t Tzitz Eliezer 11:34 and 12:38 writes that there's no an issue of asking an non-religious Jew to do work for him after, Understanding Havdalah on Motzai Shabbos by Rabbi Shay Schachter, Rav Yitzchak Yosef (Motzei Shabbat Matot Masei 5778 min 36), Rav Yitzchak Yosef (Motzei Shabbat Matot Masei 5778 min 49), Motzei Shabbat (Matot Masei 5778 min 44-47), https://halachipedia.com/index.php?title=Havdalah&oldid=28967. The order of elements when havdala is combined with kiddush (e.g., on a Saturday night that is Yom Tov) is known by the acrostic Yaknhaz. We do not rule like this opinion, as brought in Chachma Umusur [see Sdei Chemed] that all the Poskim argued on his ruling. Use of the abbreviated form: Shabbat 150b Doing one's needs before the abbreviated form of Havdalah: Shabbat 150b. He ends that even though it is pasteurized it is still like wine for all intents and purposes since it tastes like non-fermented wine (Shulchan Aruch O.C. Post-Havdalah Songs. It is a widespread minhag ion our times for the cantor to recite Havdalah in synagogue, and there is no need to protest the custom. It should be made clear to the congregation, however, that everyone must recite Havdalah at home on behalf of his family members who have not heard it in the synagogue, even though he himself did hear it. When Yom Tov ends on Friday night Havdalah is not made because Havdalah is only made when entering a day of lesser holiness If Shabbat ends and Yom Tov begins, or if Sunday is the second day of a holiday, Havdalah is said as on Saturday night on the same cup of wine as, and part of Kiddush. 296:2 writes that one may make Havdalah on beer if it is Chamar Medina or other drinks besides for water. This is the approved revision of this page, as well as being the most recent. There's a dispute whether Havdalah is Deoritta or Derabbanan. bein yom hash’vi-i l’sheishet y’mei hamaaseh. Shulchan Aruch 491:1, Mishna Brurah 491:1. Holiday havdalah can be divided into two categories: 1) Havdalah recited at the conclusion of a holiday. A beautiful ritual, it’s a brief ceremony that uses four elements to mark the moment we sadly say goodbye to the beauty of Shabbat, and pledge to carry its gifts into the week to come. The Lord of Hosts, praisewor thy is the one who trusts in Him. The Sephardic custom is to say the following text before Havdalah: כוס ישועות אשא ובשם ה' אקרא: אנא ה' הושיעה נא אנא ה' הצליחה נא: הצליחנו הצליח דרכינו הצליח לימודינו וכו' ושלח ברכה רוחה והצלחה בכל מעשה ידינו כדכתיב ישא ברכה מאת ה' וצדקה מאלהי ישענו: ליהודים היתה אורה ושמחה וששק ויקר: וכתיב ויהי דוד לכל דרכיו משכיל וה' עמו, כן יהיה עמנו תמיד: ונח מצא חן בעיני ה', כן נמצא חן ושכל טוב בעיני אלוקים ואדם: אלהא דמאיר עננו: ואתם הדבקים בה' אלוקיכם חיים כולכם היום: The source for the Sephardic text is the following: Yalkut Yosef (. [7] [. Yet he also cites Rabbi Eider (Halachos of Shabbos 266 fnt. [17] The Chabad custom is to recite it quietly. [3] [2]: 140. As such a light bulb would not be acceptable according to this view. It involves wine, light, and spices. The service can take place in the home, in synagogue or in a group. According to Sephardim, one should sit during Havdalah. If someone made havdalah without spices and gets spices later on Motzei Shabbat he can recite the bracha of besamim on them at that point. Havdalah is a Hebrew word that means “separation” and is the ritual that ends Shabbat, separating it from the start of the new week. [Admur ibid]. Jewish holidays, also known as Jewish festivals or Yamim Tovim (Hebrew: ימים טובים ‎, lit. [8] However, some[9] have the custom to omit it. If one isn't sure if the spice has a smell may smell it in advance without a bracha. [2], Haeish: During Havdalah of Motzei Yom Tov, we do not say a blessing over fire. Blessed art thou, God, 272:3). Nussach:[5] The Nussach of Havdalah on Motzei Yom Tov that falls on a weekday also contains the words “Bein Yom Hashevi’i Lesheishes Yimei Hamaaseh”[6], even though it is now in middle of the week [and it thus seems irrelevant to mention this statement]. A person needs to be able to benefit from the fire in order to recite the bracha over it. Sephardim hold that coffee, tea, orange juice can not be used as chamar medina. 297:1, The Radiance of Shabbos p. 130. This follows the ruling of Tosafos Pesachim 102a; Rashba 3/290; Radbaz 2/620 that there is no extra soul on Yom Tov. HAVDALAH (Heb. Some people add “Miriam Ha-nevi’ah.” Shavua Tov [Admur ibid], [3] The reason: As the blessing over a flame was only instituted to be said on Motzei Shabbos and Motzei Yom Kippur, in which case fire was prohibited for the entire day and it now returns to be permitted, as explained in 298/1-2. Magen Avraham 299:1, Mishna Brurah 299:1 unlike Taz 299:1 who allows eating during ben hashemashot. Q&A. *We do not kindle new flames (such as by striking a match) on Yom Tov. Havdalah is the ceremony of separation between every Shabbat and weekday, Yom Tov and weekday, or Shabbat and Yom Tov. Igrot Moshe 2:75 says that in an extenuating circumstance tea or milk could be used as chamar medina. Mishna Brurah 272:25 prohibits the use of milk or oil, and Mishna Brurah 272:30 permits the use of liquor. Likewise, the Chida [Bircheiy Yosef 491/1; Machazikei Bracha 491/1] argues against his ruling. Is Vayiten Lecha recited on Motzei Shabbos Chol Hamoed? The Havdalah is a Jewish blessing spoken to separate the end of holy days and holidays and ordinary days. He also adds that after Ester 8:16 one should say 'כן תהיה לנו'. Among their opposition to is the fact that the blessing recited upon the Havdala candle includes the word "fire" which seems to imply the need for actual fire, not merely light. Sh"t Igrot Moshe 2:75 rules that soda is just like water and can not be used for, Mishna Brurah 297:1, Vezot HaBracha (pg 181, chapter 19), The Radiance of Shabbos p. 131, Mishna Brurah 297:1, Vezot HaBracha (pg 181, chapter 19), Shulchan Aruch O.C. He tells us we learn that there is a mitzvah to make havdala … Thus, it follows the same Nussach as any Motzei Shabbos.] [8] Peri Megadim 491 M”Z 1; and so is the custom of the Rebbe as was witnessed in public. Ushav'tem mayim be-sasson mi-ma'ainei ha-yeshuah. However, the Ashkenazic minhag is to stand during, Before one says Havdalah, one may not doing any Melacha. 2) The special havdalah recited on a holiday which falls on Saturday night.Havdalah is made when entering a day of lesser holiness. הַבְדָּלָה; "distinction"), blessing recited at the termination of Sabbaths and festivals, in order to emphasize the distinction between the sacred and the ordinary, with regard to the Sabbath (or festival) that is departing and the or dinary weekday. Hineih Eil yeshuasi, evtach ve-lo efchad, ki azi ve-zimras Yah Adonoy, va-yehi li lishu'ah. Sh"t Nachalat Shimon 15 says this was the practice of Rav Chaim Soloveitchik, Har Tzvi 2:114, Sh"t Yechave Daat 2:39, Maharshag 2:107, Kitzur S"A of Rabbi Raphael Baruch Toledano pg. Rav Moshe Feinstein in Iggerot Moshe OC 2:75 defines chamar medina as something you would serve to guests who you want to show respect to. Although the Sabbath ends at the appearance of three stars, there generally are set calendars and times for Havdalah. Vetzaruch Iyun how the above Poskim can go against the Zohar. Tur and Shulchan Aruch O.C. Yes. One who did not say Havdalah on Motzei Yom Tov is to say Havdalah the next day[11] [until sunset[12]], and is not to eat or drink anything, besides for water, until he does so. *The Ashkenazic custom is to say the following text before Havdalah: הנה אל ישועתי אבטח ולא אפחד כי עזי וזמרת יה יהוה ויהי לי לישועה: ושאבתם מים בששון ממעיני הישועה: ליהוה הישועה על עמך ברכתך סלה: יהוה צבאות עמנו משגב לנו אלהי יעקב סלה: יהוה צבאות אשרי אדם בטח בך: יהוה הושיעה המלך יעננו ביום קראנו: ליהודים היתה אורה ושמחה וששן ויקר, כן תהיה לנו: כוס ישועות אשא ובשם יהוה אקרא: Chazon Ovadia, Hilchot Shabbat, Chelek 2, Page 82, Chazon Ovadia, Hilchot Shabbat, Chelek 2, Page 408 writes that grape juice is practically like wine and is thus more preferable than chamar medina; Chazon Ovadia v. 1 p. 99 writes that grape juice is fit for kiddush and havdalah based on the Gemara Bava Batra 97a. 297:5, The Radiance of Shabbos p. 131, Shulchan Aruch O.C. *In those years that Motzei Yom Tov is also Motzei Shabbos then the order of Havdalah follows the same order as Motzei Shabbos. The Bach argues that for Ashkenazim there is an additional reason to permit women to make the bracha considering that Ashkenazim allow one to make a bracha even for Mitzvot that one is not obligated in such as, Sh"t Iggerot Moshe CM 2:47:2, Sh"t Tzitz Eliezer 14:43, Sh"t Yechave Daat 4:27, Shulchan Aruch 491:2, Mishna Brurah 491:4. see. The Rama 296:8 states that women shouldn't recite Havdalah for themselves. One who did not say Havdala on Motzei Yom Tov is to say Havdala the next day [until sunset], and is not to eat or drink anything, besides for water, until he does so. [17] The reason: As Chol Hamoed is forbidden in Melacha, and it is hence a belittling of Chol Hamoed to bless the weeks Melacha. Whether one recites Havdalah after the first of two days of Yom Tov: Beitzah 4b [see Shitah Mekubetzet there] Abbreviated Form of Havdalah. 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