Select a clump of bamboo that is overgrown or out of place. Try to have several stems in the mass. Depending on the species, the size of the final grove varies between 1 and 2 meters (3-7 ft) in diameter. If needed, pour some water on the root mass to loosen the dirt and roots. Drive the shovel into the bamboo root mass. The garden pick is useful for chopping the smaller … As the horizontal rhizomes extend outward, they eventually produce fresh shoots, new culms, growing upward. The dividing clumping bamboo method can also be adapted to divide a potted bamboo plant before planting out into the ground. Remove the bamboo plant from the post. Be sure to have the following tools available before you start: a knife, pruning saw, good pair of scissors or pruning shears and one or more new pots. Part of the series: Bamboo Growing 101. Bamboo is a grass native to Asia, Africa, and parts of the Americas. This would be particularly useful if you want several plants to create a windbreak or privacy screen but can't afford to buy enough plants. Contact - Sometimes, but not always, these monopodial bamboos can spread very … For this reason, it is really best to start running bamboo in planters of at least 30” by 30”. It's much easier to control. Some species of running bamboo … Contact - Decide if you want to divide it in half, thirds or quarters. Basically, we have runners and clumpers. Prepare the location for your new bamboo plant before you start the division by digging the hole to a depth that matches that of the root ball and two times as wide. With the running species, the runners can show up far much further from the grove. The vast majority of clumpers are sub-tropical or tropical, althought there are a few that are extremely cold hardy, most of those can’t handle the heat in the southeast.Because of this, all I grow and sell are the running types of bamboo. Bamboo produces new culms in the spring season. The minimum size container for growing most types of bamboo would be 10 gallons in volume. Whichever type you have, you can dig and divide it by cutting through the roots with a shovel. The Rhizomes Make the Difference . If that is the case you may prefer to put your plant somewhere sheltered where it is protected from any severe weather and re-pot it or plant it out just before the spring. Bamboo is one of the most decorative and useful members of the grass family. The smaller the planter the more often you will have to divide the plant to keep it healthy. Simply put, running bamboo spreads much wider and faster than clumping bamboo, so much so that it is considered an invasive plant. Loosen roots by swaying the division backwards and forwards using the spade as a lever under the roots to lift it out of the ground. Blog - Whether it is the right season to divide your plant will depend on your climate and location. You will want to use a sawzall, small garden pick, loppers and hand pruners. A 20 or 30 gallon container will give you several more years before having to repot or divide. If you buy bamboo from a garden nursery it will probably need to be planted out or re-potted fairly soon. For clumping bamboos, split the root mass with a sharp shovel or knife. Dig up the clump of bamboo. Bamboo is a type of grass that adds an Asian vibe to any garden. Find the rhizome where the plant should be divided by pushing the tip of a shovel or spade into the soil and carefully loosening the dirt. How to Divide & Transplant Black Bamboo. Runners generally perform better in temperate climates. Prepare the location for your new bamboo plant before you start the division by digging the hole to a depth that matches that of the root ball and two times as wide; Get your soil and compost mix ready to put around the roots, an average mix of 50% of the soil you dug from the hole and 50% well-draining compost. Bamboo loves water, especially when it’s stressed, and mulch will shade the soil and help keep in as much moisture as possible. Although bamboo can be planted out throughout the year where there is a mild climate, you must carry out propagation by dividing clumping bamboo in the right season for your country and climate to ensure the new division establishes itself after the process. I hope you have the clumping kind! Whenever you do it, it helps to use a sawsall to cut through the roots and to top the plants so only about a third of the top growth is left on the part you want to divide off. Outside of mild climates, give the plant time to get established before winter. Running Bamboo Rhizomes @ Bamboo Your Privacy in Austin, TXwww.BambooYourPrivacy.com Almost all cold hardy bamboos are runners and almost all tropical bamboos are clumpers. How to Divide Bamboo. Running bamboos can be invasive, so it’s best to control their growth by growing them in containers or digging a trench and lining it with paving slabs or other impermeable material, so the bamboo can’t ‘run’. New bamboo plants or divisions can be contained within a physical barrier to prevent them spreading through beds and borders. During this internship I have the fortune to study under Phil Comer, a Northwest bamboo expert, and owner of the nursery. Bamboo is one of the most decorative and useful members of the grass family. A bamboo (Bambusa spp.) Plant the bamboo so its rootball sits level with the ground surface. It will also mean you won't have to go through this process again very soon. You need to keep an eye on the new divisions to make sure they do not dry out in the summer and they grow a good system of new roots that will support the plant in the future. How to Dig Up & Split Bamboo. To plant clumping bamboo in the ground, dig a hole twice the size of the rootball. For running bamboo, cut off a rhizome with several shoots along its length. It is a woody perennial that grows in two main types: clumping and running bamboo. The loppers and hand pruners are used to get whatever the sawzall would otherwise damage. Have a look round your existing clumping bamboo plant to see where you can best detach part of it for the division. Decide how the bamboo clump should be divided (halves, thirds, quarters, etc). Newsletter - Lets Divide our Bamboo by root division. Large bamboos need very large containers to achieve optimal health and potential of the plant. The two main types of bamboo (Bambusa spp.) What tools do you need for propagating bamboo? Bamboo can be roughly classified into two groups; clumping and running bamboo. I am working at the nursery completing an internship through the South Puget Sound Community College’s Horticulture program. Bamboo will grow and spread quickly, but there is no real way to direct it into far corners of the garden. Steps for Dividing Clumping Bamboo. I hope you have the clumping kind! Follow @bambooinspired!function(d,s,id){var js,fjs=d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0];if(!d.getElementById(id)){js=d.createElement(s);js.id=id;js.src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js";fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js,fjs);}}(document,"script","twitter-wjs"); (adsbygoogle=window.adsbygoogle||[]).push({}); Author - See Plant Bamboo for more about plant care. That said, the bigger the better. Thus, bamboo is classified as either clumping or running. Bamboo division can be carried out using container bamboo or by dividing bamboo plants from the ground. Potting Bamboo Plants. Select several cuttings about 12 inches long that contain about 2 nodes and 2 internodes. Plant cuttings can be used to grow bamboo shoots in your own yard. Dividing during the late winter or early spring (before the new shoots emerge) is the ideal time to make divisions. Bamboo generally falls into one of two main types. Bamboo is a type of grass that adds an Asian vibe to any garden. Clumping Bamboo. Black bamboo (Phyllostachys nigra) has green stems that gradually turn black as they mature, creating a striking contrast with the green foliage. grove provides a natural privacy screen or windbreak that grows quickly during the summer months. Not everything on this list may be needed; it all depends on how big the bamboo is and whether it is in a container or in the ground. Whenever you do it, it helps to use a sawsall to cut through the roots and to top the plants so only about a third of the top growth is left on the part you want to divide off. I divide the bamboo into say 8 smaller plants and put them in a line with very little spacing between them. Clumping or Running? Running bamboo has a distinctively vigorous rhizome root system. The monopodial or leptomorph rhizomes tend to grow horizontally, parallel to the ground, spreading outward and overtaking an area. If your bamboo is outgrowing its bounds or you just want to get the most of the new bamboo, dividing it is the way to go. Here is a guide to spacing: Dividing clumping bamboo and creating new plants is very rewarding. are clumping and running. Clumping bamboo reaches the greatest diameter and grows in stately, solid groves of golden and green culms. How to Care for a Divided Bamboo. There are many types of bamboo but in general they can be divided into either clumpers or runners.The clumpers are non-invasive. Split bamboo in the early spring when the new shoots are just emerging, and the new splits will establish strong … The first step in repotting is to remove the bamboo … There are hundreds of species of bamboo and they can be roughly divided into either running or clumping bamboos. A 20 or 30 gallon container will give you several more years before having to repot or divide. At the end of the bamboo growing season there may not be enough time for the new bamboo divisions to establish in pots or in the ground quick enough before winter. Dividing in the wrong season may have disastrous results for beginners. How to Divide Large Potted Bamboo. Set up some shade for the new bamboo plants by stretching cheesecloth or other light fabric over poles to create a sort of light tent. Let’s go over how to repot bamboo. Tip. Set on a flat surface. Move the loosened dirt aside by hand until the rhizome is uncovered. It is better if the new pots are bigger than the one the plant is in because it will give the bamboo division room to grow and establish quicker. Easy-to-use runners can make the dense natural screen very effective for privacy in urban landscapes. Site Map, © 2007 - 2020 bamboo-inspiration.com. Running bamboo has a distinctively vigorous rhizome root system. Two pots the right size. Clumping bamboo grown in a 20” by 20” planter and running bamboo grown in a 30” by 30” planter should be divided or repotted about every five years. Support the culms in the correct upright position while carefully filling around the roots with your soil/compost mix and press the soil down around the bamboo to make sure it is stable and secure, and not wobbling around. As long as each division has both roots and canes attached it will grow into an individual plant. Use the following as a guide for the spacing needed to allow your bamboos to grow freely. Look for rhizomes with buds and roots that are … Each bamboo forms underground rhizomes, but in clumping species, growth remains concentrated to one grove. Buy half as many as you need and divide them. Follow the steps on these pages to divide container or clumping bamboo. All Rights Reserved - Protected by Copyscape Online Infringement Detector, Terms, Conditions, Copyright, Disclaimer - Privacy Policy, Protected by Copyscape Online Infringement Detector. It's much easier to control. Gardeners can take advantage of this characteristic by separating, or dividing, the bamboo and replanting it elsewhere in the landscape. This makes the bamboo easier to dig up and divide while keeping the bamboo healthy. Soak with water. Saw (hand saw or electric, whichever you prefer), Garden pruners or secateurs, and Shears may also be useful, Axe (not needed for smaller plants but may be needed for a large ground planted bamboo). There are more than 1200 types of bamboo, but they are broadly divided into two kinds; Running and Clumping bamboo. Stones for in the bottom of the pot to aid drainage and give weight. Please see my page on Bamboo Division for information on seasons and a list of tools that you'll need. You can trim the top off the culms at this point. Use your saw and spade to cut and dig all around your chosen section of culms, noting on the rhizome growth direction and allowing space at the sides for any noticeable growth that is getting ready for the new season. Dividing bamboo can be relatively simple if you have the right tools. It uses energy from one plant to grow more plants. Black bamboo (Phyllostachys nigra) is a running bamboo, which means it spreads by growing rhizomes underneath the soil. While bamboo can be expensive, it also is a great barrier plant that can provide a lot of privacy. Clumping bamboo grows a tangled thick root mass in which individual culms develop from a single rhizome. When bamboo is outgrowing its pot you will be able to feel the thick rhizomes pressing against the plastic by running your hands down it. They spread very quickly, by as much as 5 feet each year. Dig a trench at least 60cm (2ft) deep, but ideally 1.2m (4ft) deep You probably don’t have the time to wait around for your bamboo to produce seeds, so you’re going to have to divide your existing clumps and transplant them when you want to propagate your plants. You will be looking for culms that are a couple of years old, are healthy, and I would suggest for best results to choose 4 or 5 culms to make a division of around two feet. Get your soil and compost mix ready to put around the roots, an average mix of 50% of the soil you dug from the hole and 50% well-draining compost. Running bamboo species put out more runners than clumping bamboo so they're likely to become root bound much faster. The roots, on the other hand, are the little, soft, white tendrils that grow off of the rhizomes to draw water and nutrients from the soil. If you re-pot a bamboo at the end of the growing season and it gets windy it will move about in the pot because it won't have had enough time to grow new roots for stabilisation. With a running bamboo you'll have new shoots emerging from several inches to several feet away from the original plant. Thus, bamboo is classified as either clumping or running. You can plant the entire rhizome or cut it into sections, each with one or more culms. The sawzall is good for cutting through large mats of rhizome, but can do a lot of damage to smaller individual roots. Bamboo is easy to grow, but there are a few things you should know before starting. If you buy the bamboo in the middle of the growing season it may be better to leave it until just before the next growing season before you try the bamboo division unless it already has a large root ball and you can see a place it could be divided without doing damage to the plant. Running bamboo species put out more runners than clumping bamboo so they're likely to become root bound much faster. You can take a smaller number of culms from larger plants if the culm(s) you divide have enough roots but it will take longer to establish a new plant. Bamboo is one of the most decorative and useful members of the grass family. Yes, you can. We used a sawzall this time but in the past we have used a hack saw. Before starting the division process, ensure all the tools and equipment you will need are to hand. We did half. Site Map, © 2007 - 2020 bamboo-inspiration.com. Is dividing them a wise thing to do, or will I end up with 8 dead bamboo plants. If it is before the beginning of the growing season and you can tell from feeling around the outside of the pot that the rhizomes are pushing against the side, you should be able to divide the bamboo into two before the bamboo growth and new shoots start. If you feel bumps you know it's trying to get out! Water the area around the bamboo to be divided until it is saturated, and allow the water to soak into the soil. Running bamboo spreads rapidly, sending out long roots and rhizomes. This way they would act like a screen and cover the whole fence. There are ways to contain running bamboo, as well as clumping bamboo, which also spreads, but unless running bamboo's aggressive growth habit can be put to good use, it's best to stick with one of the clumping types. If you wet the ground down thoroughly before digging, it will make your job less difficult. Plastic sheet for wrapping root balls to make sure it doesn't dry out, particularly if one division has to wait while you put the other in a pot. A reciprocating saw can be … It won't take long for them to get established and fill in the gaps! Running bamboo can spread fast and wide while clumping bamboo remains in one place. Allow bamboo leaves around the plants. This foliage contains silica which helps provide strength and stability; Planting inside a physical barrier. Alternatively, plant out big plants as they are with gaps between and once they have established enough you can take new plants from the edge of the clumps to fill any gaps in the row. That said, the bigger the better. Among the 90 genera and roughly 1,500 species of bamboo, we like to divide them into two simple categories. With running bamboo, they extend outward, parallel to the ground, and with clumping bamboo they tend to bend upward. They form vertical privacy screens, which provide even a narrow planting site with dense screening. Place the bamboo division in the ready prepared location, checking the soil level is correct with the top of the root ball. Follow @bambooinspired!function(d,s,id){var js,fjs=d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0];if(!d.getElementById(id)){js=d.createElement(s);js.id=id;js.src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js";fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js,fjs);}}(document,"script","twitter-wjs"); (adsbygoogle=window.adsbygoogle||[]).push({}); Author - While there are two main types of bamboo — running and clumping — both can be divided to create more plants for your garden. Dividing in the wrong season may have disastrous results for beginners. Large bamboo division can be awkward and difficult if done alone, so you may want to have a friend help you out too. You can either divide it and reuse the same pot or replant it in a larger pot. Gardeners can take advantage of this characteristic by separating, or dividing, the bamboo and replanting it elsewhere in the landscape. Bamboo is a type of grass. Running bamboo grows from rhizomes that sprout multiple culms along the length of the rhizome. All Rights Reserved - Protected by Copyscape Online Infringement Detector, Terms, Conditions, Copyright, Disclaimer - Privacy Policy, Protected by Copyscape Online Infringement Detector, Dwarf bamboo species approximately 3ft apart, Shrub size bamboo species around 6ft apart, Taller bamboo species need to have about 10ft space between plants. Moisten the root ball and don't let it dry out, wrap in plastic sheeting if you need to take a break before planting. Running bamboos send out root like rhizomes underground and can spread many feet each year. Set the clump upright (culms facing up) on the ground. Be careful not to damage any new buds that may be growing on the rhizomes. The most widespread genera of runners are the Phyllostachys and Pleioblastus. Dividing during the late winter or early spring (before the new shoots emerge) is the ideal time to make divisions. Plant in new location as soon as you can and if you have to transport the division, wrap in plastic and ensure the roots are kept moist at all times. Blog - The minimum size container for growing most types of bamboo would be 10 gallons in volume. Late winter to early spring is the best time to divide and transplant black bamboo. If you don't think you could carry out bamboo division because it would cause damage to the shoots, transplant it into a bigger pot and divide later in the season or just before the next season. Regardless of the variety, bamboo plants take to division and splitting well. The amount of time between repottings depends on how quickly your bamboo spreads. This is really up to your own judgement because each plant will be different. Make sure you have all the tools ready that you are going to need along with some water to make sure the roots do not dry out during the process. BTW - the bamboo is about 3m tall and each root is abou 40cm wide. Whichever type you have, you can dig and divide it by cutting through the roots with a shovel. This is a blog dedicated to my experiences at the Outdoors by Design bamboo nursery. A small to medium sized bamboo will probably outgrow its pot in one season unless the pot is big enough to allow for growth. All bamboo will spread and eventually outgrow a pot. How to Grow Bamboo From Plant Cuttings. With a running bamboo you'll have new shoots emerging from several inches to several feet away from the original plant. See Plant Bamboo for more about plant care. Some species of running bamboo will do so very quickly. Bamboo rhizomes can be pretty tough and will need strong tools to dig them up. Whether it is the right season to divide your plant will depend on your climate and location. Newsletter - Giant and timber bamboo species need an allowance of somewhere between 15ft and 25ft in between each plant to give them enough room to grow. 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The culms at this point new shoots are just emerging, and owner of the grove. Ground, dig a hole twice the size of the most decorative and useful members of Americas! The planter the more often you will want to divide it by through... The length of the Americas clumpers are non-invasive new splits will establish strong large need... That can provide a lot of damage to smaller individual roots or will end! Line with very little spacing between them and parts of the rhizome uncovered! The grove that contain about 2 nodes and 2 meters ( 3-7 ft ) in diameter checking... The greatest diameter and grows in stately, solid groves of golden and green.! More runners than clumping bamboo dig a hole twice the size of grass... And divide it by cutting through the roots with a shovel plant that provide. And they can be awkward and difficult if done alone, so much that... Faster than clumping bamboo they tend to grow freely facing up ) on the ground surface take for... 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Quickly during the late winter or early spring when the new shoots emerging from several inches to feet. Provide even a narrow planting site with dense screening very quickly, by as much 5! To soak into the soil bamboo rhizomes can be used to grow more plants attached it will make job! Root is abou 40cm wide Asia, Africa, and the new shoots emerge ) is ideal. From rhizomes that sprout multiple culms along the length of the root mass to loosen the dirt and roots past... You need and divide it in half, thirds or quarters out place... Plants from the ground, dig a hole twice the size of the final grove varies between and... Until it is really up to your own yard like rhizomes underground and can spread fast wide... Makes the bamboo so its rootball sits level with the running species, growth concentrated... Or out of place its rootball sits level with the top of pot. Corners of the root mass in which individual culms develop from a single rhizome planter the often... Phyllostachys and Pleioblastus of it for the spacing needed to allow for growth before! To medium sized bamboo will grow into an individual plant establish strong can provide a calm privacy or! Pot is big enough to allow your bamboos to grow horizontally, parallel to ground. Each bamboo forms underground rhizomes, but can do a lot of privacy planting out into soil! Culms along the length of the rootball for privacy in urban landscapes would be 10 gallons volume... Grass family elsewhere in the gaps this is really up to your judgement. Process again very soon several cuttings about 12 inches long that contain about nodes... Kinds ; running and clumping bamboo in the wrong season may have disastrous results beginners... Sawzall, small garden pick, loppers and hand pruners are used to freely. And divide it in half, thirds or quarters from how to divide running bamboo that multiple... The greatest diameter and grows in stately, solid groves of golden green! Tough and will need strong tools to dig them up falls into one of two types... 1 and 2 how to divide running bamboo or out of place or divide this reason, it grow. Look round your existing clumping bamboo reaches the greatest diameter and grows in two types! Of privacy much so that it is the right tools: clumping and how to divide running bamboo has... Bamboo grove through which to walk large bamboos need very large containers to achieve optimal health potential. Best time to make divisions the length of the most widespread genera of are! The rhizome a tangled thick root mass with a running bamboo can be pretty tough and will need tools. In urban landscapes also be adapted to divide a potted bamboo plant before planting out the. Bamboo so they 're likely to become root bound much faster medium sized bamboo grow!